The 15 Most Life-Changing Epiphanies Across Reddit

This is not just a summary of a single Reddit thread; these are the most life-changing epiphanies that I have ever seen across Reddit arranged into categories by theme. Hopefully they are as life-changing for you.

The brevity of life

Grocery store hyperrealism:

This one can be argued at least to its degree, but it’s a very interesting theory:

What is truly meaningful

Life is about ‘things’, but not very many of them:

Sad

For these ones there really is no light-hearted comment that can be made:

Ok that put things in perspective….but not the only one. The next section looks up for you reader ☺

The possibilities in life

If you don’t like the situation, look around and realise that you can do anything you want:

Be more confident because….

Women aren’t so pure as to not even like men:

Understanding people

There is no ‘normal’ family:

Sadly funny quote:

Weird literal stuff

I wish I knew all of these people:

But this changes everything:

The Trump Era Of American Culture


It’s surreal to think of the era that we are in right now. The US has a reality TV billionaire president who has almost every faux pas and vice possible. He is, as we have already belaboured the most entertaining US president of all time. He also has a very low approval rating of just 35% (Source), especially considering that he is still only been president for 200 days. How is this affecting culture? A right-wing, decidedly anti-PC, culturally indifferent and low approval president. As you can expect, culture is thriving.

The Cultural Value Of Having What Many Would Call ‘A Bad President’

We’re not going to take a stance and say that Trump is ‘a bad president’, but many people think so. There is a widespread sense of disillusionment and anger that is growing in the US and around the world. Besides the right-wing conservatives who oppose Trump on the grounds of being too progressive, aggressive and downright offensive, the people we are talking about are the left-wing. In times of a disliked Republican president, some of the most impassioned anti-establishment left-wing culture has been produced. In 1969–1974, the presidency of Richard Nixon was the bane to the countercultural movement of that time who fought back with the civil rights movement, the women’s rights movement and also a mass of anti-Nixon art and music from all the big names at the time. Take the song ‘Postcards From Richard Nixon’ by Elton John:

And the Ronald Reagan presidency was just as detested by the left-wing. His conservative economic reforms set fire to a progressive thrust in culture—which as we all know is called punk. Punk rock was deeply political, aggressive, anti-Reagan and anti-establishment. It got the political situation, ripped it up, collaged it back together with the butt pasted over the face and drew profane features all over it with a big texta. Reagan provided the ample stream of political content to be debased in such a way by this thriving culture that was built on postmodern collage, caricature, irony and above all: what it was opposed to. Take a listen to “Fucked Up Ronnie” by DOA, it’s one of many anti-Reagan punk classics:

Now back to Trump. Trump is just as disliked as these Republican presidents if not more. (These guys actually had the agenda of balancing the budget and cleaning up the economy whereas while Trump has been good for the economy, he has created a lot of economic uncertainty.) Many people are predicting a revival of punk rock in the Trump era and I agree to an extent. I think there will be a lot of politically fueled resistant culture coming out of the left-wing. This won’t be specifically punk culture, because that’s a specific trend that happened 30+ years ago. For instance, days after Trump was elected, the American hip-hop collective A Tribe Called Quest released this song with lyrics that clearly oppose Trump’s racial rhetoric:

I think anti-Trump culture will spread across the art genres and music genres, but most of it will be on the internet in the form of memes obviously.

Trump’s Right-Wing Anti-PC Culture

Whereas left-wing culture has something to write songs about, the right-wing also is getting some cultural inspiration from Trump in this era. Trump, as we all know, bolstered the rise of the ‘alt-right’—a social media-driven counterculture of young people who oppose the politically correct values they were taught by our modern society. Trump heralds his support of free speech over politically correct euphamism as one of his most vocal points, and this opens a new realm in culture that can actually make certain statements that were previously not possible. When president Trump was campaigning and did an outrageous impersonation of a disabled reporter, that was actually deeply cultural in the sense that something so absurdly inappropriate was performed by the man who is now the president. It doesn’t mean that it’s a positive form of culture, it just means that it’s very interesting and significant. When alt-rightists post comments on /pol/ that use Nazi symbols, schizophrenic conspiracy theories, Pepe the frog and all manner of graphic imagery and language, that is culture. It is something which whether we like it or not will define this generation and will actually be a stepping stone for culture in the future. Politically it’s not a good thing. It’s a terrible thing, and some would say the same about Trump being in power, but culturally, if future artists use these new developments even satirically, it will create some good stuff. The most current example is right-wing memes. Left-wing Facebook users who havn’t laughed at a ridiculously extreme right-wing meme are lying, and they definitely enjoy memes that satirise the right-wing and their culture.

On a lighter note, at least Trump brought some more discussion to the table with regard to political correctness. In this new millenium some people were taking PC so far in our opinion that it was stifling culture and free expression. PC culture in itself can be a bit bland and vacuous unless you spice it up with a bit of the risque, which I feel that minorities e.g. LGBT and the black community have done very well throughout history.

So What Should We Expect?

Unlike the Reagan and Nixon eras, Trump doesn’t polarise culture, he splits it in two. Expect to see a lot of alt-right culture, but also a lot of left-wing culture and both of these imitating and satirising each other. Trump—America’s most entertaining president in history has come at a time when memes are one of the main cultural mediums, so expect to see a lot, lot, I can’t emphasise this enough, a Lot more memes. Trump is good for memes.

Should Australia Jump Ship And Ally With China Instead?

Australia’s allegiance with the US as its military guardian and economic partner have a long and unshaken history. This allegiance was solidified the most during the Cold War era when in 1969, the US economy accounted for 38% of nominal world GDP and China (in the throws of the Cultural Revolution) was just 3%. In the 48 years since, the US has fallen to 24.4% in this stat, and China has risen to 15.5%. In fact, China’s growth rate is more than double that of the US, and it is pegged to overtake its position as the world’s largest economy this century. All this is laid out in this article on what happens if China becomes the next superpower. This raises big questions for Australian policymakers that we could be facing us in the form of a very proximal conflict in the next decade.

Chinese Regional Dominance

To summarise the previous article: China’s economy is likely to overtake the US in a number of decades, however whether its military will overtake it is a matter of foreign policy and military tactics which require deep analysis and research to predict (in other words, I’m not going to).

But what matters most to Australia is regional dominance. China will eventually challenge the US’s position as military hegemon of the world, and this is enough for it to serve as a protective ally for Australia (because an all-out US invasion of Australia is not really on the cards at the moment). But what will make the most difference to Australia is that it is an Oceanic country that engages in large amounts of trade in the Asian region. It is predicted1 that the US military presence will be pushed out of this region by growing Chinese power, and what this means is that in order for Australia to entirely and safely benefit from the fact that most of the world’s economic growth is coming out of the Asian region, allegiance with China may be the best bet.

Ally Trump

There is a lesser but nevertheless significant factor that should also influence Australia’s sense of allegiance: the Trump presidency. Trump’s audacious and oftentimes aggressive political decisions have raised the problem for many US allies as to whether they should stand by this president, or face the uncertain consequences of crossing him. PM Malcolm Turnbull has so far being very supportive of Trump, stating that he would support him in a conflict4. Whether this is a wise commitment is questionable. Trump is calling for an isolationist policy on trade, that will impair Chinese trade and therefore sour the US’s strongest relationship with this country. Furthermore, there are numerous instances of Trump’s rhetoric that have angered and threatened China. In his campaign manifesto, he writes: “There are people who wish I wouldn’t refer to China as our enemy. But that’s exactly what they are”. So far, he has talked about supporting Taiwanese independence and criticised China for increasing military strength in the South China Sea and not doing enough to stabilise North Korea. Some experts predict a US-China war in the South China Sea within the next decade5, and when or hopefully before this happens, Australia will have to decide which side to be on, because in the South China Sea, we will definitely be caught in the middle of it.

At this point in the article you can tell that severing allegiance with the US and forming allegiance with China is not going to happen soon. In fact, it is not going to happen within Trump’s term. But, if tensions do rise to a military point, then Australia will have to decide, and one should hope that we base our decision on the facts rather than sentiment.

Chinese Foreign Policy

Let’s consult Chinese foreign policy to get an indication of what allegiance with China would be like. Our alliance with the US has drawn us into 10 major military conflicts since 1951. Without US allegiance we would not have been involved in most of them (Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan were in our national interests)2. And it’s funny to think about how Chinese foreign policy has been more ethical in the new millennium. They didn’t exacerbate the Arab-Israeli conflict by invading Iraq and they didn’t overthrow any democratically-elected leaders and replace them with dictators. But then again, China is only just approaching the position where it can exercise such power on the world stage, so it is difficult to know what it will do. The concern of course, is that China is an autocracy. Not only does that mean that its government doesn’t fear losing power over questionable policies, also it means that the speed of policy-making is so fast that it can be highly variable and unpredictable. Australia must decide between a historically aggressive (against the Rest, protective of the West) country versus a wildcard. Maybe in the future, we will have more info to work with.

Who Should We Ally With?

For now, the US is the best ally. It is still the world’s only superpower and it is more predictable. But into the future, Australia should start opening up to the idea of allying with China, because it may become a very strategic move.

Sources

1. https://theconversation.com/trade-with-china-or-security-with-the-us-australia-will-have-to-choose-68511
2. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/inquirer/china-and-america-australia-is-friends-with-both-ally-of-one/news-story/36f9c8b569a8c7330ffa97e4acd19c74
3. https://www.aph.gov.au/sitecore/content/Home/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/Publications_Archive/CIB/CIB9697/97cib23
4. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-11/australia-would-enter-conflict-with-north-korea/8796586
5. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/feb/07/donald-trump-and-china-military-confrontation-dangerous-collision-course-experts

On Trump’s Antics—Is There a PR Reason Behind It?


It is almost beyond debate that Donald Trump is the most entertaining US president so far. And most of us—including the large majority that disapprove of Trump get a really peculiar sense of happening and absurdity and cutting-edge culture out of reading about Trump’s latest antics on the news. When before has the US had a president who hosted a TV show, who appeared in a Playboy video and who boasted on tape about forcibly handling women (Source). His whole persona is just so outrageous and extreme that you can’t believe it. I can’t believe that he is the president and that I am living during this time.

It’s so interesting because you have to assume that there’s some intention to what Donald Trump is doing. To an extent, Donald Trump is impulsive and acts without forethought. But it is clear that he has worked this impulsiveness into his greater strategy. There are so many advantages that he gains from acting this way that it is hard to believe that Trump and his PR managers are not entertaining us without purpose.

The Rise of a Celebrity President

The most obvious and probably the most significant effect of Trump’s antics is to garner support in the lead-up to the election. Trump learned something from his career in reality TV: always create controversy. Controversy always gains the spotlight. So Trump dominated the media in the lead-up to the election through one controversy after another. He called Mexicans “rapists” and “criminals”, he threatened to sue Hilary Clinton and of course, he promised to build ‘The Wall’.

But, this strategy only goes far if you believe in the maxim ‘All publicity is good publicity’. I don’t. I think that Trump would have garnered a large mass of opposers by undertaking this strategy. He would have garnered a large mass of people who identify against him, outnumbering the Trump supporters that he would have also created. The reason why this strategy worked was: it overwhelmed media attention for Hilary Clinton. Trump’s PR strategy didn’t depend on his policies being good or uncontroversial. He gained a following because he had the media attention to develop his political personality to a high extent. People trust that which they are familiar with and understand, and this is the crucial counterpoint to Hilary Clinton. Trump, by capitalising the media was also given the ability to portray Clinton’s personality. He always depicted her as two-faced, power-playing and not to be trusted. The best example is the Trump-fueled Clinton email scandal which really became synonymous with Hilary Clinton as a candidate.

The Reality TV President

When Trump gained power, there was widespread hope that he would calm down and assume responsibility in his position. But it’s clear why this didn’t happen to any great extent. These reality TV tactics are also useful when in the position of President, especially if you are the strongest President politically speaking.

With Trump, there is a deep rabbit-hole that we could go down discussing his personality versus persona, but we have already covered that in another article. Trump probably realises that he is a flawed president, and that in his first 100 days of office he has accomplished very little of what he promised. So, to retain his approval ratings he has been using the technique of distraction—which he is a master of. He constantly creates controversies, each of which get turned into thousands and thousands of units of media content, read by hundreds of millions of people. Each person reading an article about “covfefe” is going to forgo reading an article about Trump’s conflicts of interest. That’s the public’s limited time and attention spans works in the world of PR.

A Bad President and a Bad Precedent

The most concerning thing about Trump is not what he is actually doing (exp. for foreign policy). So far he has proved himself to be rather ineffectual and we will hope it continues to be the case. But what’s very concerning is the precedent it sets for the future of politics. Donald Trump provides the blueprint of how media controversy can be used to actually gain following. Future politicians will now be less shy of controversy because it could actually be spun to benefit them, and we as the public are more inclined to accept politicians who are quite flawed. Or the alternative is that we learn from our mistakes and build a resistance to this kind of reality TV politics in the future. I am not optimistic but I think that it can happen.

What Happens If Autocratic China Becomes The Next Superpower?

China’s rapid rise in world economic and political position has been a boon to the world economy and has elevated hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. It has been lauded by the world as a success story, however, it raises some big concerns for the western world: what is the result of the Communist Party of China (CPC) gaining so much power on the world stage? What will be the effect on the democratic, libertarian western world if the CPC grows to rival or even surpass the United States as a world superpower?

Free Enterprise, Autocratic Government

It is conventional that China’s rise to world political power has been through economic means. China averaged a growth rate of 10% for 30 years up until 2015. This is astronomical, considering that the US has been averaging around 3% for the entire modern era (Source). China is now the 2nd largest economy in the world and set to overtake the US during the century (Source). The Communist Party of China has been fueling this growth through economic reforms, away from hardline socialism and towards capitalism, since the 1970s especially. The effect is that China is now, though unofficially, a capitalist country. A very very capitalist country, which actually has less taxes and laws than the US in a lot of areas e.g. no property tax. But, it is still an autocratic country. Capitalism has been used by the party to—along with improving the standard of living of its people—to increase their power on the global stage.

The two ways that Chinese capitalism has increased the country’s world power are:

  1. Economic. Economic growth increases economic importance. International trade and investment with China is a significant part of the economy of most countries, the US included. This hence increases China’s political leverage because it has the power to improve or worsen its economic relations with other countries.
  2. Increasing acceptance by other world governments. In the Cold War era, communism was feared and reviled. In the modern era, it is regarded as an antiquity.

Military Might

Economic diplomacy and even economic warfare are key points of leverage in foreign affairs, but they fall short of one factor in determining world power: military might. Military potential is what allows the US to play such a central role in the UN, and to vanguard democracy in foreign countries if it wants to (or instate dictators it wants to).

China will only ever be able to challenge the US’s central position in world politics if it can trump its military capacity. But the US is just so far ahead. The 2017 World Firepower index ranks the US at 1st in the world and China at 3rd.. This is because despite China having more than 50% more military personnel than the US, they have less than 20% of the number of aircraft, 10 times less armoured fighting vehicles and numerous other weaponry and infrastructure disadvantages. Furthermore, the US is decades ahead in military research and ‘super weapons’. These include robots, drones (Source) and various other weapons that confer tactical advantages including guns that can shoot around corners, pain rays and ‘invisibility’ cloaks (Source).

Will China Become A Democracy?

No. Let’s just get this out of the way. Not any time soon. The CPC has just accrued immense world power; why would they give this up? Some millennials in China hold strong ambitions for democracy, but it seems absurd that any number of young people could challenge this economically and militarily powerful government, especially considering that the CPC’s approval ratings are 70–80% (Source). That’s incredible compared to approval ratings in the US and other democratic countries which usually hover around 40%. In fact, Obama’s rating was 31% and Trump’s is possibly the lowest ever at 11%.

How can this be explained?

Well the benefit of an autocratic government is that everything requires less consensus and moves a lot faster. The Chinese economy has been able to reach such high levels of growth and progress so rapidly to capitalism through extensive, rapid and deep government reform. So for the everyday lives of its citizens, things have improved dramatically even though they may still lack some of the higher freedoms and rights of the Western world. Also, it could be argued that Chinese foreign policy has been far more ethical than US foreign policy in this millennium….

Cold War II ?

There is a concerning phrase that gets used sometimes in relation to a political situation that may occur in the future: Cold War II. Some say that Cold War II started with Russia in 2013 over the Ukrainian Crisis, but that seems alarmist considering the actual state of affairs which was never close to Cold War-proportions. But, now the term is being used more realistically with regards to a situation that may happen with China in the future. As China surpasses the US in economic power, and challenges if not surpasses it in military power, then tensions with the US will escalate over anxieties of losing its hegemonic position and of autocracy becoming the world’s leading political system. It’s a scary thought, but I actually believe that this will be the scenario of the next 25 or more years.

The main effect will be direct China-US conflicts waged in foreign countries such as in the Middle East. China will want to claim its stake in international affairs by taking a US-like interest in restoring order and instating governments in other countries. The US will be hegemonically threatened by this, and will enter the same countries with the agenda of instating ‘democratic’ governments and order.

The result probably won’t be nuclear war, but the risk will increase. Even now, the risk has increased because Donald Trump is in power—who has expressed aggressive views towards Chinese power.

What will be the end result? In other words, who will win the contest for the 21st century superpower? It is incredibly hard to say, but with China’s immense economy, military development seems only limited by the time taken to research advanced weaponry. The main limiting factor on China’s political growth however will be the US’s advantageous use of its current political position. As the current superpower, it really has the First Mover Advantage. China will not want to provoke war with the US or even economic warfare ever ever ever, so it will have to be tentative with its political tactics. This is why Chinese hegemony is too far away to currently be able to see what it is like or if it will exist at all.

We Should Be Putting Chemicals In The Drinking Water


You’ve heard the outrage regarding The Government putting Fluoride in the drinking water. Fluoride is one of the least controversial chemicals possible. No adverse effects have ever been discovered and water fluoridation has caused large improvements in the dental health in industrialised countries. Population-wide dental health means: lower burden on taxes, lower costs for individual people and an improved standard of living. Notwithstanding, there have been claims ranging from that this chemical is a communist plot to subdue the Western world to that fluoride crystalises the Pineal gland and prevents us from reaching higher spiritual levels. It must be acknowledged that today, because we brush our teeth with fluoridated toothpaste, water fluoridation may no longer be necessary, but it still stands as the surest, most widespread way to ensure dental health in the population.

Water fluoridation demonstrates how our drinking water can be used as the most widespread and surest way to improve the health of the population through trace amounts of chemicals. Like fluoride, these chemical changes are going to be minuscule, very conservative, very safe and well-tested. There is little reason not to make these changes other than the public backlash that the fluoride case also demonstrates. Unfortunately, because it is population-wide and non-voluntary, putting chemicals in the water will always incur resistance from the misinformed, and also the libertarians.

Lithium

Lithium is an element on the periodic table. Moreover it’s one of the simplest elements, with an atomic number of just 3, so it’s no wonder that it occurs naturally in nature. But moreover it’s a psychoactive chemical that is used as a mood stabiliser for bipolar disorder and even as an anti-psychotic for schizophrenia. It holds connotations of old mental institutions—as a heavy last resort treatment that turns people into zombies. But actually, that is not the case for most people who take lithium for mental health today. And furthermore, in trace amounts it has been shown to improve standard of living across a number of factors for the general population.

Putting psychoactive drugs in the drinking water is the stuff of comic book science fiction, but actually, it has been occurring naturally all along. Lithium is present in trace but psychoactive levels in the drinking waters of many locations around the world, and studies have found that these areas have lower levels of crime, mental health issues, suicide, homocide and rape. These levels of societal problems were significantly lower. In Texan communities it was found that the community with the highest lithium concentration in the water had a 40% lower suicide rate than that with the lowest lithium concentration.

How are these vast findings explained? It is obvious that the lithium is having a mood stabilising and anti-anxiolitic (anti-stress) effect in these communities, but also it is thought that lithium is neuroprotective i.e. it protects the neurons of the brain from damage and encourages growth.

It is clear to many scientists that lithium has the potential to save innumerable people in every country from mental and social problems, and also to prevent neurodegenerative diseases like dementia. However, it is not likely to happen…. The PR obstacles are immense—considering the resistance that was posed to water fluoridation which isn’t even psychoactive. There is hope that interest in lithium by the scientific community will be kindled by the increasing interest in ‘microdosing’—a cutting-edge way of dosing drugs that is proving that minute doses are not just the domain of psuedoscience, and then the scientific community will make the push.

Other Chemicals

Looking into a future in which increasing numbers of psychoactive drugs are tested at microdose levels, maybe we will find a chemical that is even more beneficial than lithium. Maybe we will find different chemicals that also are of benefit to add to the drinking water at these minute quantities—some people already applaud the benefits of microdosing other chemicals—but you can read about that in a less safe for work article.

Unfortunately, we will probably never put lithium or any other psychoactive in the drinking water, because not a high proportion of the public is ever well-informed or scientifically minded about any particular issue, however, you have the ability to start drinking lithium water yourself if you want to. You can buy Lithia Water online, but it’s your responsibility to take your health into consideration with regard to this, and to make sure it is legal to buy this in your country.

When The Robots Take Over, They Can Just Have My Job


There is a lot of anxiety regarding the looming AI, robotics, automation revolution. This will be one of the greatest industrial revolutions of all time, so….as history has proven, there will be anarchy in the streets. More jobs than every before will be replaced by technology, so what will happen to the economy when unemployment rises to 30%? What will happen to politics when unemployment reaches 50%? This all sounds very dire except I’m actually optomistic that overall, the AI revolution really will be a revolution for humanity, and it will save us a lot of work.

Why This Industrial Revolution Will Be Different

The Industrial Revolution of the 18th–19th century was met with flaming torches by many of the workers of that time. There were concerns that advances in machinery and mass-production processes that are now the backbone of our modern standard of living were going to take their jobs. What actually happened, was some jobs were lost, many jobs were changed, but in not long, these advances created more employment by increasing the purchasing power of the population, enabling them to afford more products and services. This pattern has been consistent throughout the industrial revolutions of history, including the computer revolution. For instance, in 1930, John Maynard Keynes—father of modern economics wrote a paper predicting that by 2030 we would have achieved the 20 hour workweek. He reasoned that with advances in technology, all the work that was being done in his time could be done in just 1/4th of that in 100 years. This is true, but what he didn’t factor is that we will instead keep working the same amount and accumulate more wealth instead. This is a sad fact when you consider that most people just accept working five days a week and spending money on things that don’t make them all that happy. For instance, if you Google a fairly reasonable question like ‘How to work less than 5 days a week’, you will read lots of cynical forum+Reddit opinions who seem outraged by the very concept that they have been working and spending for this long when there may have been an alternative worth considering (for a present-day alternative, see /r/Financial Independence. But this industrial revolution will be different; it won’t allow us to continue making new and more specific jobs short of just paying people to creepily just simulate a working environment. Artificial intelligence and robots will repair itself and it will increasingly have the discretion, sociability and even the creativity of human workers.

How Long Until The Robots Take Over?

So you can see the enormity of this revolution that is just about to hit us. How long do we have?

Well, robots will take over some of our jobs sooner than others. This article has the predictions grouped by occupation, and they are approximately:

Fold laundry 5 years
Truck driver 10 years
Retail salesperson 15 years
Write a New York Times bestseller 30 years
Surgeon 40 years
Full automation of labour 115 years

Should We Really Be Worried About Unemployment?

The AI revolution is almost inevitable, so that leaves us with two options—these are the options that the unemployed and job-insecure blue collar people of the next few decades will have to choose between:

  1. Increasing the unemployment benefits to a level where being unemployed is still quite financially comfortable
  2. Reducing efficiency, creating useless jobs and banning AI

Option (1) will result in the best outcome overall and into the future, because work will not be wasted and society as a whole will become more resourceful and will progress. Option (2) is obviously worse, but it does stand a chance unfortunately. The workers who face unemployment may opt for this one because it will mean that they get paid more, even though they will soon discover the abject mental health impact of knowing that their work is meaningless.

So, no, we should not be worried about unemployment as long as the government can increase unemployment benefits. Hopefully the money can come from AI taxes. But we should be worried about employment in the future which may be a sad state of affairs if it becomes a spreadsheet version of digging holes and filling them up again.

What Will We Do With Our Time When We Are Unemployed?

Many people actually have anxieties concerning not working. Because these people have evidently been working for so much of their life that they can’t even imagine what it would be like to have all that time to themselves. When working people go on holidays they sometimes get a sense of ennui because they are no longer being bombarded by responsibilites and they actually get the chance to think some existential thoughts. This is ok in my opinion, it is actually healthy to think this way whenever we can, and given enough time, we will probably sort things out.

The anxiety that actually really annoys me however is when people say that without work, we would become lazy, bored, depressed, misguided and overindulgent. This is incorrect because the gentlemen and women of the Victorian era didn’t have these problems to such an extent. They just spent their time doing whatever they wanted, often embarking on grand hobby projects to direct their lives and give themselves meaning. It’s also sad to think this because if people hate their jobs so much then it suggests that there is no alternative. In today’s world, there isn’t one, because present-day unemployment is considerably worse than working. However, in the future hopefully AI, politics and social expectations can change this.

Animals That Have Done Bad Things In Their Lives

It often surprises us that many animals that look cute actually have a dark past.

This snail

Has a history of gang-related violence

This squirrel

Does not respect women

This duck

Holds anti-Semitic views

This hedgehog

Is a known affiliate of several extremist organisations and is currently in hiding

This horse

Once went on a 4-day bender and ended up knee-dropping a Catholic priest

This caterpillar

Has a problem with authority

This chicken

Is not a very nice person

10 Weirdest Jelly Recipes


Jelly is a weird thing! Like what is it? (It’s collagen) It’s just……..if I had to analyse this; it’s weird because it’s a really basic dish. It’s so basic that it has been made in different forms since ancient times and in many cultures. But it’s also so basic that it seems like….elemental. It’s a basic property of food that can be coloured, flavoured in any way to create a dish that is futuristic, because it is almost entirely man-made. So anyway….let’s look at some jelly.

1. Retrofuturistic Aspic Dishes: Salad Suspended in Jelly

Aspic salad used to be a quintessential American salad. What happened? Why do we no longer eat all savoury and sweet foods in jelly form? Well for one, it’s disgusting, and two, dieting fads started to incorporate eliminating sugar rather than just fat. Therefore, the jelly, which was really just an excuse for sugar, fell by the wayside.

2. Jelly Coca-Cola Bottle

How to make the viral jelly recipe that took the internet by storm:

3. Edible Slime

Another internet sensation: making large quantities of slime out of gummy bears and marshmallows and then playing with it and eating it. I would eat like 3 kilos of this stuff:

4. Rainbow Jelly

This looks so beautiful and it’s not hard to make, it just takes a long time to wait for each layer of jelly to set. Kids would lose their minds over this stuff for sure.

5. Whole Watermelon Jelly

This person has invented a way to improve a watermelon! Previously this was not thought possible.

6. Ultimate Vodka Gummy Bear Jungle Juice Jacuzzi

This is not a drink, this is a jacuzzi. This thing has got so many gummy bears and so much vodka in it it’s unbelievable. Man, if I go to a party where they have this one day, I will feel like my life has been worth something.

8 Things That Annoy Essay Markers And English Teachers

It’s common knowledge among high school students that the mark you get for your essays is never entirely unbiased. Essay markers and teachers are only human, and the mark they give you will be based largely on impression. In fact, the nature of the marking criteria may well reflect this, because there really is no single objective basis for a ‘good essay’—it’s a compound of factors which overall may be summed up as an impression. So here is how to give the right impression in your essays, and not annoy the good teacher marking it in the middle of the night with another 60 essays to get through. Don’t do the following because it is annoying:

1. Try To Prove You Are Smart Rather Than Prove The Actual Point You Are Trying To Make

This is the wrong mentality to produce good writing. And if you have it, especially as a high-school student, it will be very noticeable to the marker. This mentality is often the cause of many of the other annoying things in this list. Besides these points, it may be hard to quantify what makes this mentality shine through in the finished product. It may just be the tone. The reason why so many high-schoolers have this mentality is that at this age, in the very structured and simplified secondary school system, it is difficult to grasp the full complexity of the world. Many high-school students think they know a lot more than they do just because they can name-drop Freud and Karl Marx, until they get to uni where there are no textbook answers and there are endless volumes of knowledge.

2. Use A Lot Of Adjectives To Be ‘Descriptive’

You may have been told by a teacher to be ‘descriptive’, and this is good advice in some cases, but it’s easy to misinterpret this as meaning to use a lot of adjectives. Adjectives (describing words like ‘superfluous’) are the bane of good writing because they are often specific, related and academic-sounding, but in actual fact just fill your essay with unnecessary bloat. For instance, compare the pair:

“The eponymous and skeptical Hamlet was indubitably perturbed by the supernatural apparition of his father’s ghost.”

versus

“The skeptical Hamlet was perturbed by the apparition of his father’s ghost.”

The adjectives “eponymous” and “supernatural” are redundant so were removed, but “skeptical” was maintained because it is actually important to the sentence.

3. Use A Complex Word Where A Simple One Will Do

Teachers should repeat this maxim more often, because it is a typical high-school essay trait that gets on marker’s nerves when students use words like ‘pusillanimous’ instead of ‘timid’. This makes your writing less clear and less succinct.

The rule-of-thumb is not to go out of your way to use a more academic-sounding word. If you can think of the right word, use that rather than looking up a direct simile. But, thesaurus sites are very useful to look up a word that is similar to one you can think of, but with a more appropriate meaning. If you can use the most specific (and not obscure) words to say what you mean, then this is what markers will see as impressive word choice.

4. Going Off On A Tangent

Keep referring back to the question as you write. Make sure everything you say builds up your argument and if it doesn’t, even though it is a good point to make in itself—cut it!

5. Use Of Humour

This is a big risk. To be honest, there is nothing that can potentially irritate and infuriate the marker more than attempting to be funny in a serious, graded essay. It just seems like you are making a mockery of the assessment and not taking it seriously.

6. Disagreeable Points Of View

Unfortunately, it is not necessarily the case in academia that you can say whatever you want as long as you support it with a strong argument. When there is a marker with their own personal viewpoints, trying to prove or even address issues that are disagreeable on face value will be an uphill battle and could completely turn them off your essay. Stay clear of topics like the following in high-school: race, alternative sexuality, drugs, extreme politics and graphic violence. My teacher used to say something that was very helpful: write like your grandma is going to read it.

7. Overuse Of Creativity And Originality

This point may seem cynical but it really is the truth (in high-school and throughout most of university English). Teachers get a small pique of satisfaction every time they read their own words back to themselves. If they say something in class and you re-word it into your own essay, they will notice this on some level of consciousness and think ‘good, he/she is listening to what I say and learning from the class’. You should still try to be creative+original, but always take caution and remember that originality is not everything.

8. Free-Form Structure

A lot of good students with a lot to say end up focussing on the content and neglecting the structure of the essay. If you have a network of related points in your head on say, the novel ‘Hamlet’ and you put these into essay form, it is natural to write just a few long paragraphs each containing multiple points that flow on from one another. Unfortunately, this makes for a difficult read, and can easily overwhelm the marker. Instead, you need to write a plan before starting to write you’re essay. Separate your thoughts into one bullet-point per distinct idea. Each bullet-point in your plan will become a paragraph in the essay. E.g.

Plan:

  • Paragraph 1
  • Paragraph 2
  • Paragraph 3
  • Etc.

Plus, your essay will have an intro and conclusion of course. The intro says how you are going to address the topic (your points); the conclusion sums up your conclusions.

Then each paragraph with have the following internal structure when you actually write it:

TEEL:

Topic Sentence: A sentence saying what the central idea of this paragraph is.

Explanation: Explains the idea in a convincing way.

Evidence: Backs up what you are saying.

Link: Links to the essay topic and/or next sentence.

In TEEL, besides the topic sentence, the rest of the structure is more flexible. For instance, you can invert the order of Explanation, Evidence or combine them and you can omit the Link and/or omit the Evidence.